Walking through the impressive Andes to the world famous Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is the main attraction for most of those who travel to lugares turísticos de Peru
. But this encompasses only a fraction of the country's treasures. Peru is home to an amazing variety of landscapes: mystifying geoglyphs on the arid plains of Nazca, two of the deepest canyons in the world near the colonial city of Arequipa, the lush Amazon rainforest in the east, and excellent waves in the northwest.
For those looking for adrenaline-fueled fun, a number of outdoor activities are offered, from trekking on ancient trails and white-water rafting to paragliding and venturing through the desert on buggy rides.
Andean culture is thriving in Peru. Hidden mountain towns explode in color on market day, and vibrant local festivals are held with unbridled enthusiasm.
In recent years, the country has been widely acclaimed as one of the world's culinary hot spots. There's a particular buzz of excitement about Lima's laid-back, vibrant food scene, ranging from street cevicherías to gourmet restaurants. And in big cities, you can also expect a lively nightlife.
The potential for adventure and discovery in Peru has no limits. Packed with practical information and inspiring ideas, our turismo en Peru
has everything you need to make the most of your trip.
Peru travel data
Language spoken: Spanish and the indigenous languages are Quechua and Aymara.
Currency: Peruvian Sol (S /).
Population: estimated 32 million; Almost a third lives in the capital city.
Peruvian Amazon: More than 60% of the country is covered by the Amazon jungle, the largest area after Brazil.
Deepest Canyon: The Cotahuasi Canyon is the deepest in the world, with a depth of more than 3,500 m (more than double that of the Grand Canyon).
The highest sand dune: Cerro Blanco is the highest in the world at 2070 m above sea level and 1176 m from the base to the summit.
Native Products: Potatoes are native to Peru
. There are more than 3,000 varieties cultivated in the country.
Where to go in Peru
There is much to discover when traveling in Peru, from the exotic jungle to the coastal desert through the impressive peaks of the Andes.
Explore traditional crafts at the Pisac market, take a walk on a sand dune in Huacachina, or relax on the beach with a pisco sour.
It is not possible to see everything in one trip, but our Peru travel guide highlights some of the best attractions in the country.
Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu and its surroundings
Lima, the capital of Peru, with its mix of lifestyles and cultures and colonial elegance, has excellent museums and galleries, as well as lively bars and excellent restaurants.
Cusco has a wealth of wonderfully preserved Inca architecture, and an abundance of colonial treasures and a flourishing Andean culture. Add to this a lively nightlife for a must-see highlight of any trip to Peru.
It is also the gateway to Machu Picchu, the country's greatest archaeological attraction and a must-see for all those traveling to Peru. The intriguing Inca citadel with its expanse of temples and palaces stands high in the forested mountains of the Andes. If you have time, and the legs to do it, walking the Inca trail is the most rewarding way to get to Machu Picchu.
South of Peru: Nazca, Arequipa, Titicaca and its surroundings.
The mysterious Nazca Lines (Nazca Lines), are a series of giant animal figures and geometric shapes, engraved in the gloomy panorama of the Pampa de San José. If the budget for your trip to Peru can be extended, see this amazing view from the air.
Further south is Arequipa. Peru's second city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site has wonderful colonial mansions and churches made of pale pink and white volcanic rock, hence the city's nickname, La Ciudad Blanca or La Ciudad Blanca. This colonial gem is positioned against an extraordinary backdrop of volcanic peaks.
The Colca Canyon (Colca Canyon) is within walking distance of Arequipa and is one of the most visited attractions for those traveling in Peru. Twice the depth of the Grand Canyon of Arizona, it is a delight for hikers. Trails pass by waterfalls, hot springs, llama herds, and traditionally dressed farmers, while majestic condors glide silently overhead.